nginx下关于PHP-FPM在高负载下的优化配置

今天调整了服务器的PHP-FPM配置,其中有几个参数可以在网站在高并发下,保持服务器的稳定.不会挂掉.请看下面的内容.

代码:
       
        <value name="max_children">5</value>

        Settings group for 'apache-like' pm style
        <value name="apache_like">

          Sets the number of server processes created on startup.
          Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
          <value name="StartServers">20</value>

          Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes.
          Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
          <value name="MinSpareServers">5</value>

          Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes.
          Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
          <value name="MaxSpareServers">35</value>  

<value name="rlimit_files">65535</value>

<value name="max_requests">1024</value>

When you running a highload website with PHP-FPM via FastCGI, the following tips may be useful to you : )
如果您高负载网站使用PHP-FPM管理FastCGI,这些技巧也许对您有 用:)

1. Compile PHP’s modules as less as possible, the simple the best (fast);
1.尽量少安装PHP模块,最简单是最好(快)的

2. Increas PHP FastCGI child number to 100 and even more. Sometime, 200 is OK! ( On 4GB memory server);
2.把您的PHP FastCGI子进程数调到100或以上,在4G内存的服务器上200就可以
注:我的1g测试机,开64个是最好的,建议使用压力测试获取最佳值

3. Using SOCKET PHP FastCGI, and put into /dev/shm on Linux;
3.使用socket连接FastCGI,linux操作系统可以放在 /dev/shm中
注:在php-fpm.cnf里设置<value name=”listen_address”>/tmp/nginx.socket</value>就可以通过socket连接 FastCGI了,/dev/shm是内存文件系统,放在内存中肯定会快了

4. Increase Linux “max open files”, using the following command (must be root):
# echo ‘ulimit -HSn 65536′ >> /etc/profile
# echo ‘ulimit -HSn 65536 >> /etc/rc.local
# source /etc/profile

4.调高linux内核打开文件数量,可以使用这些命令(必须是root帐号)
echo ‘ulimit -HSn 65536’ >> /etc/profile
echo ‘ulimit -HSn 65536’ >> /etc/rc.local
source /etc/profile

注:我是修改/etc/rc.local,加入ulimit -SHn 51200的

5. Increase PHP-FPM open file description rlimit:
# vi /path/to/php-fpm.conf
Find “<value name=”rlimit_files”>1024</value>”
Change 1024 to 4096 or higher number.
Restart PHP-FPM.

5. 增加 PHP-FPM 打开文件描述符的限制:
# vi /path/to/php-fpm.conf
找到“<value name=”rlimit_files”>1024</value>”
把1024 更改为 4096 或者更高.
重启 PHP-FPM.

6. Using PHP code accelerator, e.g eAccelerator, XCache. And set “cache_dir” to /dev/shm on Linux.
6.使用php代码加速器,例如 eAccelerator, XCache.在linux平台上可以把`cache_dir`指向 /dev/shm

来源:http://groups.google.com/group/highl…412d43c1c3f36a

 

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