“remote:error:refusing to update checked out branch:refs/heads/master”的解决办法

在使用Git Push代码到数据仓库时,提示如下错误:

[remote rejected] master -> master (branch is currently checked out)

错误原型

remote: error: refusing to update checked out branch: refs/heads/master

remote: error: By default, updating the current branch in a non-bare repository

remote: error: is denied, because it will make the index and work tree inconsistent

remote: error: with what you pushed, and will require ‘git reset –hard’ to match

remote: error: the work tree to HEAD.

remote: error:

remote: error: You can set ‘receive.denyCurrentBranch’ configuration variable to

remote: error: ‘ignore’ or ‘warn’ in the remote repository to allow pushing into

remote: error: its current branch; however, this is not recommended unless you

remote: error: arranged to update its work tree to match what you pushed in some

remote: error: other way.

remote: error:

remote: error: To squelch this message and still keep the default behaviour, set

remote: error: ‘receive.denyCurrentBranch’ configuration variable to ‘refuse’.

To git@192.168.1.X:/var/git.server/…/web

! [remote rejected] master -> master (branch is currently checked out)

error: failed to push some refs to ‘git@192.168.1.X:/var/git.server/…/web’

解决办法:

这是由于git默认拒绝了push操作,需要进行设置,修改.git/config文件后面添加如下代码:

[receive]
denyCurrentBranch = ignore

无法查看push后的git中文件的原因与解决方法

在初始化远程仓库时最好使用

git –bare init

而不要使用:git init

git init 和git –bare init 的具体区别:http://blog.haohtml.com/archives/12265

=================================================

如果使用了git init初始化,则远程仓库的目录下,也包含work tree,当本地仓库向远程仓库push时, 如果远程仓库正在push的分支上(如果当时不在push的分支,就没有问题), 那么push后的结果不会反应在work tree上,  也即在远程仓库的目录下对应的文件还是之前的内容。

解决方法:

必须得使用命令 git reset –hard 才能看到push后的内容.

研究了很久不得其解,然后找到一条命令凑合着能用了:

登录到远程的那个文件夹,使用
git config –bool core.bare true

就搞定了。

贴一段参考文章:

Create a bare GIT repository

A small rant: git is unable to create a normal bare repository by itself. Stupid git indeed.

To be precise, it is not possible to clone empty repositories. So an empty repository is a useless repository. Indeed, you normally create an empty repository and immediately fill it:

git init git add .

However, git add is not possible when you create a bare repository:

git –bare init git add .

gives an error “fatal: This operation must be run in a work tree”.

You can’t check it out either:

Initialized empty Git repository in /home/user/myrepos/.git/ fatal: http://repository.example.org/projects/myrepos.git/info/refs not found: did you run git update-server-info on the server? git –bare init git update-server-info # this creates the info/refs file chown -R <user>:<group> . # make sure others can update the repository

The solution is to create another repository elsewhere, add a file in that repository and, push it to the bare repository.

mkdir temp; cd temp git init touch .gitignore git add .gitignore git commit -m “Initial commit” git push <url or path of bare repository> master cd ..; rm -rf temp

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